The Genus Alocasia is one of the most sought-after plants in the world. The genus contains over 200 species, with many different varieties and sub-species to choose from. You may be wondering what makes these gorgeous plants so popular?
Alocasia plants can grow in just about any type of environment, and are very low maintenance; they don’t need much sunlight or water to thrive. They make great houseplants because you won’t have to worry about them dying when you’re gone for a week on vacation.
Alocasias also come in many different colors like green, yellow-green, pinkish-purple with red dots, deep burgundy leaves edged silver-white – so there’s one that fits perfectly into your décor! There are even some varieties that resemble pineapples which is perfect if you want something unique looking but still easy to maintain.
What Are Some Common Names For the Alocasias?
Some of the more common names for Alocasia plants are elephant ear, taro plant and calla lily. Sometimes people will call them by their scientific name which is Alocasia odora. Some synonyms for the genus Alocasia are Aglaonema pictum, A. zeylanicum and Colocasia esculenta.
Where Do They Come From?
The genus Alocasia originates from a plant that was originally found in China. They have been grown for centuries, including by the ancient Hawaiians who used them as part of their religious ceremonies. The Polynesian word “Alo” means mountain and “Casi” refers to its edible root which is called taro or calla lily depending on what it’s being prepared with.
Features of the Genus Alocasia
The genus Alocasia has many features that make them stand out from other plants: they’re beautiful colors come from anthocyanins (the same substance found in red cabbage), they’re toxic to cats and dogs and their their flowers are fragrant.
The fruit from these plants is edible but not recommended for use as a food crop because they contain oxalic acid and calcium oxalate crystals which can cause nausea if consumed in large quantities.
They are still enjoyed by some people who enjoy drinking tea made with their fresh juice or eating dried slices of the fruit soaked in sugar water syrup for dessert like taffy apples.
It’s hard to miss the sturdy, thick stems on this variety of Alocasia. These plants often have a height and width that makes them perfect for indoor or outdoor use in landscaping as well as containers where their bulk can’t be hidden by other greenery.
The Expected Height
Sometimes they can grow up to six feet tall but a height like that would be unusual for this type of plant. More typically it will only grow to about two or three feet in height and width.
The genus Alocasia is a tropical plant that requires high temperatures to thrive. It can’t tolerate low-temperature conditions, so it needs an environment with average daytime highs of about 85 degrees Fahrenheit or higher and nighttime lows around 75 degrees F or higher year-round for optimal growth.
That means this type of plant won’t do well in regions where the weather fluctuates between freezing and 50 degrees during winter months because they are sensitive to drops below 55 degrees at night.
The genus Alocasia is a tropical plant that requires high humidity levels, too. If the air becomes dryer than 60% relative humidity, then its leaves start to become brown at their edges and may even wither away over time if the conditions don’t improve quickly enough.
The most important thing when growing these plants indoors is maintaining an environment with plenty of moist warm air near 70% relative humidity so they can thrive year-round without any trouble. They are also susceptible to mold/fungus growth on the undersides of their leaves due to lack of air circulation, so it’s important to have a fan nearby for air movement.
Alocasia plants produce beautiful flowers. They’re usually white or pinkish and grow in clumps at the top of a long stem that emerges from between their leaves. The blooms are often large with petals up to 12 inches across and will last weeks after they first open if given enough water.
Are They Drought Resistance?
Alocasia plants are not drought resistant. The most important thing when growing these plants indoors is maintaining an environment with plenty of moist warm air near 70% relative humidity so they can thrive year-round without any trouble. They are also susceptible to mold/fungus growth on the undersides of their leaves due to a lack of air circulation.
It is not disease-resistant. They are susceptible to many of the same diseases as other houseplants, such as root rot from waterlogging or sudden changes in temperature and humidity levels. The most common cause for these plants to die, however, is severe under-watering combined with low light exposure which can lead to leaf spotting, browning, and even death.
The Genus Alocasia is not resistant to pests.. It will be susceptible to most pests that would bother other plants, such as aphids, mealybugs and leaf miners. The best way to avoid the issue of these insects on your plant is by practicing good gardening practices: keep it clean and free from debris; don’t let any water sit in the soil for too long, and don’t overwater it.
With proper care and attention, the Genus Alocasia should grow to reach heights of two to three feet. The leaves on this plant will not shrink when it is in dormancy like some other plants do. Instead, they will turn a deep reddish color for about six weeks every year before returning back green in the springtime.
This plant is not recommended as a houseplant, because it contains chemicals that can cause skin irritation and pain. The sap of the Genus Alocasia is also known to be toxic if ingested by humans or animals.
Genus Alocasia maintenance is easy to care for. It should be watered once a week with lukewarm water and the soil should not always be kept wet as this can lead to root rot. When it comes time, these plants will need repotting in order to continue growing well; they also benefit from being fertilized when in need.
Although the Genus Alocasia prefers moist, well-drained soil with a pH of around neutral (pH between seven and eight), it does not need to always be watered. The plant also needs plenty of sunlight in order to grow healthy leaves or plants; some light is better than none at all for these species.
A Genus Alocasia should be kept in a location where it will receive sunlight for at least six hours during the day. It’s important to note that these plants are toxic when ingested and they have no known uses, so care must be taken if you plan on growing or keeping this species inside your home.
This is a tropical plant, and it will need to be fertilized at least once every two months. The fertilizer should have a pH that is close to neutral as well, which means the level of acidity in the soil should also match this standard. This type of plant can grow up to five feet tall if given the proper care and attention.
If you plan on repotting your Genus Alocasia, it is important to do so every two years. This type of plant can grow up to five feet tall if given the proper care and attention, which means that this process should be done at least once in order for them not to outgrow their pots or become cramped as they get bigger.
If you plan on repotting your Genus Alocasia, it is important to do so every two years. This type of plant can grow up to five feet tall if given the proper care and attention, which means that this process should be done at least once in order for them not to outgrow their pots
It is important that you prune your Genus Alocasia at least once every two years in order for it to stay healthy. If not, they will grow too tall and have an unhealthy appearance. Pruning should be done during the beginning of Spring before any new leaves start to form on the plant.
The best time would be early in the morning when it is cool outside, as this will help to limit any stress on your plant. It should be done by removing one or two of the oldest and largest leaves from each side of the Genus Alocasia every other year in order for these new plants not to outgrow their pots or become cramped. It is important to remember that this process will not be effective if it is done too late in the growing season, and can even cause harm.
Pruning should only be done when the plant has grown out of its pot, or when growth begins getting so dense as to overshadow other plants around it. You may experience a few broken leaves at the time of pruning, but your plant will quickly grow new leaves to replace them. It is best not to wait too long in between trimmings because it can stunt growth and cause stress on both plant and gardener.
Genus Alocasia propagation methods are generally done by dividing the mother plant into two or more sections and then planting those sections in a new pot. These plants should be given plenty of light to grow properly. The Genus Alocasia will send out runners that can be removed from the main root system to create new plants as well.
The most common way is to divide your Genus Alocasia every other year so that its baby plants don’t get too big for their pots or overcrowd each other. It’s important not to wait until late summer because this could cause harm instead of good! If you’ve been waiting too long between pruning sessions, it might stunt the growth of both your plant and yourself (gardener)!
We recommend dividing your Genus Alocasia every two years, but it’s up to you. Just be sure that the climate is right and the soil has good drainage before handling any plant in this genus!
For all practical purposes, when propagating a Genus Alocasia by division of sections from the mother plant or runner plants (offsets), take care not to disturb its root system during planting.
It is important for these new cuttings or offsets to have plenty of water until they are well established – usually within about six months after being planted out into their final potting location. You may need to stake them so that they stay upright; otherwise, if left unstaked, many young shoots will grow into the ground and disappear.
During the first to third week after planting, place the rhizome in a pretty pot with lots of indirect sunlight and a place that is warm and humid. Make sure the soil is moist (neither dry nor soggy, just moist), and water it as necessary.
During the third to the fifth week, your rhizome will start to swell in the form of roots. You can check this by gently tugging on it. If it feels resistance, it indicates that roots have begun to grow.
During the 6th and 8th weeks, you should observe new shoots starting to sprout on the bottoms of your plants. They can start growing into leaves very quickly depending on how well you take care of it, the environmental conditions it’s growing in, and their genetic makeup.
In the 3rd month to 6th month, water it and feed it appropriately and protect it from pests and diseases to ensure the plant is likely to thrive.